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Upcoming Events

None at this time. Information about upcoming events will be posted as events are confirmed.

Past Events

Information about speakers below was accurate at time of event and may not reflect current information about that speaker.



Former Ambassador Holgate visits PNNL


Ambassador Laura S.H. Holgate

On March 27, PNNL's Center for Global Security Director Gretchen Hund hosted Ambassador Laura S.H. Holgate during her visit to PNNL's Seattle office. Ambassador Holgate visited the laboratory to learn more about the focus of current PNNL research and to share her experience having recently served as the U.S. Representative to the Vienna Office of the United Nations and the International Atomic Energy Agency (July 2016 to January 2017). In this role, Ambassador Holgate advanced the President’s commitment to design and implement global approaches to reduce global threats and seize global opportunities in the areas of nuclear nonproliferation, nuclear security, verification of the Iran Deal, nuclear testing, counterterrorism, anti-corruption, drug policy, export control, and the Nuclear Suppliers Group. She also promoted gender balance in the staff and programming of the Vienna-based international organizations. During her visit, she gave a talk to PNNL staff in both Seattle and Richland.

PNNL's Center for Global Security Director Gretchen Hund hosted Ambassador Laura S.H. Holgate during her visit to PNNL's Seattle office.



Challenges and Opportunities for Nonproliferation/Nuclear Policy


Joseph Cirincione
Ploughshares Fund

Joe Cirincione, the President of Ploughshares Fund, visited the PNNL-Seattle office on Nov. 2 and spoke with staff about the challenges and opportunities for nonproliferation/nuclear policy in the incoming administration and the global context that will shape such decisions.

"There are too many unknowns for us to predict with any certainty what U.S. nuclear policy will be in the new Administration. But we can outline some possibilities, including major risks that could be introduced into the nuclear equation as well as the opportunities such as how a new relationship with Russia could lead to the major reductions in nuclear forces," Joe said.

"This was a great opportunity for our staff to hear about how our work is relevant to some of today’s most pressing issues," said Gretchen Hund, Director of PNNL's Center for Global Security.

Joe is the author of Bomb Scare: The History and Future of Nuclear Weapons (Columbia University Press, 2007) and Deadly Arsenals: Nuclear, Biological and Chemical Threats (Carnegie Endowment, second edition 2006) and the co-author of Universal Compliance: A Strategy for Nuclear Security (Carnegie Endowment, 2005). He previously served as vice president for national security and international policy at the Center for American Progress in Washington, DC. For eight years he was the director for nonproliferation at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, where he chaired and organized five of the annual Carnegie International Non-Proliferation Conferences.

Joseph     Joseph



United Nations Environment Program Capabilities


Patty Beneke (545 kb)
U.S. Navy

Ms. Beneke addressed possible ways to leverage our capabilities for addressing needs in other countries that fall under the United Nations Environment Program umbrella. How can we broaden the impact of solutions PNNL is providing elsewhere to address needs identified by UNEP? This meeting was an outgrowth of the CGS event at the Woodrow Wilson Center July 29 that focused on the intersection of climate change and national security. CGS discussed the findings from our Seattle Symposium on the same topic. 


Intersection of Climate Change and National Security – Navy’s Interest


Rear Admiral Jonathon White
U.S. Navy

The Center hosted Rear Admiral Jonathon White, the U.S. Navy’s lead oceanographer and navigator as well as the Navy’s lead of the Task Force on Climate Change. He described the Navy’s top three priorities as they relate to operations and their intersection with climate change. The Arctic is a priority for the Navy, according to RADM White. While it is a low threat environment, the “price of ignorance” could be quite high, so despite logistical challenges the Navy dedicates resources to regularly chart these waters. Another priority is ensuring a clear understanding of potential risks to coastal operations from droughts, floods and other anomalies. Here, accurate vulnerability assessments are key. Finally, the Navy is interested in climate-induced instabilities. Where in the world are the highest risks of these instabilities occurring and what can we do to build better resilience? White believes there’s ample opportunity to better integrate and leverage efforts across the various agencies funding efforts in this area.




Nuclear Security, North Korea, and the Look Ahead


Robert Gallucci
President, John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation

Mr. Gallucci spoke about the science of the Agreed Framework negotiations, the current state of North Korea, and countering the threat of nuclear terrorism.




Future Strategic Challenges in U.S.-Russian Relations


Ambassador Linton Brooks
Senior Advisor, Center for Strategic & International Studies

Ambassador Brooks spoke about the U.S. relationship with Russia and the future of arms control, what’s next after New START, and multilateral engagement strategies for nuclear arms reduction.




International Arms Control, Verification, and Compliance


Rose Gottemoeller
U.S. Department of State, Assistant Secretary for Bureau of Arms Control, Verification and Compliance

Assistant Secretary of State Gottemoeller spoke at PNNL in Seattle about arms control and verification challenges. At the University of Washington, she spoke about innovative concepts in arms control policy and the changing nature of diplomacy in the information age.


On-site Inspections—The Ultimate Verification Measure Under the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty


Dr. Luis R. Gaya-Piqué
Policy Planning Officer, On-site Inspection Division, Comprehensive Nuclear-Test Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO) Preparatory Commission in Vienna, Austria

Dr. Gaya-Piqué discussed his insights into the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, technical aspects of an on-site inspection, advantages of on-site inspection techniques allowed by the Treaty, the current status of technical development for application during such an inspection, and how the Treaty relates to work being conducted within the Provisional Technical Secretariat of the Treaty Organization.


Cooperative Threat Reduction: Past, Present, and Future


Ambassador Bonnie D. Jenkins
Coordinator, Threat Reduction Programs, U.S. Department of State

Bill Moon
Division Chief, Global Nuclear Security, Cooperative Threat Reduction Directorate, Defense Threat Reduction Agency, U.S. Department of Defense

Monte Mallin
Director for Strategic Planning, Office of Nonproliferation and International Security, National Nuclear Security Administration, U.S. Department of Energy

This interagency panel of distinguished experts in non-proliferation and threat reduction addressed these topics: (1) What are the evolving nonproliferation threats related to nuclear power, biotechnology, and other dual-use technologies? (2) How well are the United States and other countries positioned to address these challenges? (3) How can PNNL’s capabilities—from basic science through technology development, deployment, and training—address emerging threats?


The Next Round: The United States and Nuclear Arms Reductions After New START


Ambassador Steven Pifer
Senior Fellow and Director, Brookings Arms Control Initiative

Ambassador Steven Pifer ("New START, Next START and the Verification Challenges"), a renowned expert on Russia, the Ukraine, and arms control issues, discussed New START, the recently ratified arms control treaty, and provided an extraordinary opportunity to hear about the real challenges facing the next generation of arms controls talks. New START, a bilateral nuclear arms reduction treaty between the U.S. and the Russian Federation, is aimed at limiting the number of deployed strategic nuclear warheads and the number of intercontinental ballistic missile launchers, submarine launched ballistic missile launchers, and heavy bombers equipped for nuclear armaments. Ambassador Pifer is a senior fellow and director of the Brookings Arms Control Initiative at the Brookings Center on the United States and Europe. His career as a Foreign Service officer centered on Europe, the former Soviet Union, and the Ukraine, where he served as ambassador. In addition to his international postings, he has served on the National Security Council. Ambassador Pifer has provided commentary on CNN, Fox News, CNBC, BBC, National Public Radio and VOA, and his articles have appeared in the Washington Post, International Herald Tribune and Boston Globe, among others.


Myths, Realities and the Paradoxes of Arms Control and Nonproliferation


William H. Tobey
Senior Fellow, Kennedy School’s Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs

William H. Tobey is former deputy administrator for Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation at the Department of Energy’s National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) from 2006 to 2009 In his position as deputy administrator for Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation at NNSA, Tobey led a team of 400 employees, and worked with more than 100 countries to prevent nuclear proliferation and terrorism by detecting, securing, and disposing of dangerous nuclear materials. He managed NNSA’s $2 billion comprehensive nonproliferation and threat reduction programs to secure nuclear and radiological materials, prevent the smuggling of nuclear material across borders and through seaports, halt the flow of nuclear expertise and technology to terrorist organizations or rogue states, and eliminate inventories of surplus nuclear material. Tobey also was responsible for overseeing policy formulation and implementation governing U.S. export controls on nuclear material and technology. Tobey is now a senior fellow at the Kennedy School’s Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, where he will work with the Center’s nuclear team. At the Belfer Center, Tobey works on an initiative to reduce the dangers posed by the current unraveling of the global nuclear order


Arms Control and Disarmament: A Perspective from Washington, D.C.


James Acton
Associate, Nuclear Policy Program, Carnegie Endowment

James M. Acton is an associate in the Nuclear Policy Program at the Carnegie Endowment specializing in nonproliferation and disarmament. A physicist by training, Dr. Acton’s research focuses on the interface of technical and political issues, with special attention to the civilian nuclear industry, IAEA safeguards, and practical solutions to strengthening the nonproliferation regime. Before joining the Endowment in October 2008, Dr. Acton was a lecturer at the Centre for Science and Security Studies in the Department of War Studies at King’s College London. There he co-authored the Adelphi Paper, Abolishing Nuclear Weapons, with George Perkovich and was a consultant to the Norwegian government on disarmament issues. Prior to that, Dr. Acton was the science and technology researcher at the Verification Research, Training and Information Centre (VERTIC), where he was a participant in the UK–Norway dialogue on verifying the dismantlement of warheads. Dr. Acton’s other previous research projects include analyses of IAEA safeguards in Iran, verifying disarmament in North Korea, preventing novel forms of radiological terrorism, and the capability of Middle Eastern states to develop nuclear energy. He has published in Jane’s Intelligence Review, Nonproliferation Review, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, Survival, and the New York Times. In the UK, he appeared regularly on TV and radio, including on the BBC programs Newsnight, Horizon, and the Six O’clock News.


China in 2009: The Economic Crisis, Civic Activism and the Environment


Jonathan M. Aloisi
U.S. Senior Foreign Service

Jonathan M. Aloisi is a career member of the U.S. Senior Foreign Service. After joining the State Department in 1983, he served as Vice Consul in both Guadalajara, Mexico (1984-85) and Hong Kong (1985-86). Mr. Aloisi worked as Second Secretary in Beijing from 1986 to 1988 and as Consul in the U.S. Consulate General, Shanghai from 1989-91. He was assigned to the Department of State in Washington, D.C. as Malaysia Desk Officer, where he worked from 1991 until 1993. Mr. Aloisi served again in Beijing as First Secretary and deputy political counselor from 1993-1997. He became deputy director of the Office of Philippines, Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei and Singapore Affairs in 1998. In August 2000, Mr. Aloisi returned to Beijing as First Secretary and deputy political counselor. In October 2000, Ambassador Prueher directed him to assume the position of acting Consul General in Chengdu, China, a status he held until January 2001. Mr. Aloisi became Political Minister-Counselor in Beijing in June 2001. From August 2004 until July 2005, Mr. Aloisi served as the Political Advisor to the Coalition Military Commander in Afghanistan. After Vietnamese language training, he began his current assignment as Deputy Chief of Mission in Hanoi in July 2006. Mr. Aloisi is a graduate of the University of Michigan (B.A. Economics 1978, M.A. Anthropology 1982) and received a Masters Degree in National Security Studies from the National War College in 1998. He holds the Department of State’s Superior Honor and Meritorious Honor Awards, and was a Distinguished Graduate in his War College class. He speaks Mandarin Chinese as well as Vietnamese.


Political History of Nuclear Weapons, 1938 - 2008


Thomas C. Reed
Former Secretary of the U.S. Air Force

Thomas C. Reed is a former Secretary of the Air Force. He began his professional career at the Air Force Ballistic Missile Division in Los Angeles during the 1950s, and later worked at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory where he designed two thermonuclear devices fired in the Dominic test series in the Pacific in 1962. In 1973, Reed was recruited to manage intelligence projects at the Pentagon. He became director of information to integrate the developing worldwide military command system, then Secretary of the Air Force. During the Reagan era, Reed served as the Special Assistant to the President for National Security Policy, having served as Director of National Reconnaissance. Thomas C. Reed is the author of At the Abyss: An Insider’s History of the Cold War. His most recent book, Nuclear Express is co-authored by Danny B. Stillman.


Israeli nuclear weapons program and the future of the Fissile Material Cutoff Treaty


Dr. Avner Cohen
Senior Fellow at the Jennings Randolph Program, U.S. Institute of Peace

For more than a decade, Dr. Cohen has written on issues related to nuclear weapons, primarily nuclear deterrence and morality and nuclear proliferation in the Middle East. In 1987-88 he was a research fellow at Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government, where he developed the notion of “opaque” nuclear proliferation. Dr. Cohen has published numerous articles and books including Israel and the Bomb, a history of the Israeli nuclear program. Israel and the Bomb was banned by Israeli censors and Dr. Cohen was detained and questioned by authorities upon returning to Israel in 2001. Dr. Cohen received a B.A. in Philosophy from Tel Aviv University. He received a M.A. in Philosophy from York University and a Ph.D. from the Committee on History of Culture of the University of Chicago. He was a member of the philosophy department at Tel Aviv University and has been a visiting professor at various American universities and colleges including Washington University and Hobart and William Smith Colleges.


Possible Future for U.S.-Russia Nonproliferation and Nuclear Security Relations


Ambassador Linton F. Brooks
Administrator, National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Ambassador Linton Brooks, an experienced arms control negotiator and proponent of controversial strategic weapons programs, served as director of the Energy Department’s National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), which oversees the country’s nuclear weapons infrastructure, until his resignation in January 2007. Prior to joining the NNSA, Ambassador Brooks was the vice president and assistant to the president for policy analysis at the Center for Naval Analyses (CNA), a federally funded research and development center located in Alexandra, Virginia. His extensive government experience includes service as the assistant director of the Arms Control Disarmament Agency, chief U.S. negotiator for the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (where he earned the title of ambassador), and director of arms control for the National Security Council. Ambassador Brooks received his B.S. in Physics from Duke University and his M.A. in Government and Politics from the University of Maryland. He is also a Distinguished Graduate from the Navy War College

2/14/2007 China’s Approach to Nonproliferation


Dr. Dingli Shen
Executive Dean of Fudan University’s Institute of International Studies and Director of Center for American Studies

Dr. Shen is also the founder and director of the Program on Arms Control and Regional Security at Fudan University. His research areas cover China-U.S. security relationship, nuclear arms control and disarmament, nuclear weapons policy of the United States and China, regional nonproliferation issues concerning South Asia, Northeast Asia and Middle East, test ban, missile defense, export control, as well as China’s foreign and defense policies. He is the author of several books as well as over 500 articles and papers in both international relations and physics.


A World Free of Nuclear Weapons: Is It Possible?


Ambassador Thomas Graham, Jr.
President of the Lawyers Alliance for World Security

Followed by a Panel Discussion with leading US and foreign experts on nuclear non-proliferation issues moderated by Carol Kessler: James Fuller, former Director of Nuclear Non-Proliferation Programs at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, is an Affiliate Professor in the Henry M. Jackson School of International Studies. Carol Kessler, Moderator, is Director, Pacific Northwest Center for Global Security, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Todd Perry is a senior officer for International Affairs at the US Department of Energy. Richard Rhodes is the author of the Pulitzer Prize-winning book on The Making of the Atomic Bomb and of Dark Sun, about the development of the hydrogen bomb. Dingli Shen, Director of the Center for American Studies, Fudan University is one of China’s foremost experts on nonproliferation and U.S-China relations. Victor Sosnin, Nuclear Physics, Obninsk University, Russia, is visiting the UW to teach a course on Russian non-proliferation policies.


Port Security in Seattle


World Affairs Council
(Panel Discussion)

What technological means are available for examining the thousands of shipping containers that pass through the Port of Seattle daily? What systems are in place to prevent the smuggling of nuclear materials or weapons into the U.S.? This seminar event addressed these and other concerns.


CRDF and PNNL: Past, Present and Future


Linda Staheli
Senior Staff Associate, Congressional Relations

Linda Staheli has more than twenty years of experience advancing international science engagements and another ten years addressing arms control and national security issues. She has directed the National Institutes of Health's Division of International Relations at the Fogarty International Center, managed international relations for the President's Science Advisor at the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy, and negotiated and implemented S&T Agreements with Japan and Korea and then went on to manage the Central and East European Joint S&T Funds at the U.S. Department of State. Other employers include RAND, Council for a Livable World, and the Democratic National Committee. Ms. Staheli has served in various volunteer capacities, elected and non elected, including a current position as co-President of Women in International Security (WIIS) based at Georgetown University. Ms. Staheli holds an M.A. in Public Management with a focus on national security studies from the School of Public Affairs, University of Maryland, and a B.A. in International Studies from the Jackson School of International Studies, University of Washington in Seattle.


Nuclear Energy in the 21st Century


Dr. Nikolai Nikolaevich Ponomarev-Stepnoi
Vice-President of Russia's Kurchatov Institute

Dr. Nikolai Nikolaevich Ponomarev-Stepnoi is vice president of Russia's premier nuclear science organization, the Kurchatov Institute (KI), located in Moscow. Dr. Ponomarev-Stepnoi is an academician who is widely respected in Russia and internationally. He is very familiar with the Putin Iniative, which centers around the concept of development of International Nuclear Fuel Cycle Centers. He is also well-versed in the US nuclear energy initiative known as Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP).


America's Russian Problem and What to Do About It


Dr. Stephen Blank
U.S. Army War College


Who's Watching, Who's Reporting, and Why? Compliance Incentives and Disincentives in Centralized International Treaty Systems


David Deese
Boston College Dept. of Political Science

A look at the World Trade Organization and other International Organizations such as the International Atomic Energy Agency.


Non-Proliferation Challenges In a Changing World


Ms. Laura Rockwood
Principle Legal Officer, and Section Head for Non-Proliferation and Policy-making, Office of Legal Affairs, IAEA

Laura Rockwood is a Principal Legal Officer, and Section Head for Non-Proliferation and Policy-making, in the Office of Legal Affairs of the IAEA, where she has served since 1985. Her primary areas of responsibility are safeguards and non-proliferation. She provides legal support to the Department of Safeguards, as well as to the Iraq Nuclear Verification Office (INVO, formerly the Action Team) established to carry out Agency activities pursuant to United Nations Security Council resolutions related to Iraq's nuclear weapons programme. She has also participated in the last four conferences of the States Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT). Ms. Rockwood has been involved in the negotiation, interpretation and implementation of IAEA safeguards agreements (including those concluded with Iran, Libya, North Korea and South Africa), and was the principal author of the document that became the new legal instrument developed to strengthen IAEA safeguards, the Model Additional Protocol. She has also been involved in the trilateral negotiations between the IAEA, the Russian Federation and the United States of a draft agreement for the verification of materials released from weapons programmes. Ms. Rockwood received a B.A. in Social Sciences from the University of California, Berkeley, and a Juris Doctor from Hastings College of the Law, San Francisco. She is a member of the California and Washington, DC bars.


Panel Discussion on: Impacts of New Privacy Laws


Panel Discussion

A panel discussion about new Federal and State privacy laws: What they are; what they are designed to achieve; how they impact various stakeholders, from system managers, to researchers, the public, and private organizations; and the strategies and tools under development to enhance information privacy protection.


Cyber Conflict Studies Workshop


Dr. Dorothy Denning
Naval Postgraduate School

Dr. Denning is a Professor in the Department of Defense Analysis at the Naval Postgraduate School. She has previously taught at Georgetown University, where she was the Callahan Family Professor of Computer Science and Director of the Georgetown Institute of Information Assurance, and Purdue University. She has also worked at SRI International and Digital Equipment Corporation.


The Six Party Talks and Beyond: Cooperative Threat Reduction in North Korea


Joel Wit
Senior Fellow, Center for Strategic & International Studies

Joel Wit served for 15 years in the Department of State in positions related to Northeast Asia, nuclear arms control, and weapons proliferation. He was most recently the coordinator for the 1994 U.S.-North Korea Agreed Framework and was responsible for U.S. policy related to the implementation of that agreement. Joel will speak on the CSIS and Carnegie Endowment for International Peace report, which examined the potential role of cooperative threat reduction in eliminating North Korea’s weapons of mass destruction—nuclear, chemical and biological—as well as its ballistic missile program. While skeptics would assert it is unrealistic to conduct such programs with North Korea, the study concludes that the history of the past decade demonstrates that conducting cooperative programs with Pyongyang is possible under the right political circumstances.


Energy Security in North Korea


Dr. David Von Hippel
Nautilus Institute Senior Associate

Dr. David Von Hippel is a Nautilus Institute Senior Associate working in Eugene, Oregon. Dr. Hippel’s work with Nautilus has centered around energy and environmental issues in Asia, and particularly Northeast Asia. He has done extensive analyses of the patterns of fuels use prospects for energy efficiency in North Korea, prepared reviews of rural electrification options and of the impacts of climate change/sea-level rise in Asia and the Pacific, and trained representatives in the use of demand-side management planning tools. He is currently involved in several Nautilus projects, including the “East Asia Energy Futures” and upcoming “Energy Security” initiatives. Recent publications include: Engaging North Korea on Energy Efficiency; and Global Dimensions of Energy Growth Projections in Northeast Asia.


Environmental Security, Human Trafficking, Piracy, AIDS, and Other Thai Concerns


Darryl N. Johnson
U.S. Ambassador to the Kingdom of Thailand

With a B.A. (cum laude) from the University of Washington and studies at the University of Puget Sound, the University of Minnesota and Princeton University on his resume, Ambassador Johnson held overseas postings in Moscow (1974-77), Beijing (1984-87) and Warsaw (1988-91). Mr. Johnson served as the first U.S. Ambassador to the Republic of Lithuania (1991-94), and later served in Taipei as the Director of the American Institute in Taiwan (1996-99).


Ambassador Joseph Michael DeThomas


Ambassador Joseph Michael DeThomas


Espionage: Continuing Threat to U.S. National Security


Donald J. Fingleton, Ph.D.
U.S. Department of Energy Counterintelligence Training Academy

The demise of the Soviet Union eased military and political tensions between the Superpowers but did not bring a corresponding reduction in the level of espionage and other activities which continue to threaten our national security. Foreign governments, adversaries and allies alike, are increasing their collection activities against the United States with the DOE/NNSA laboratories being prime targets. Foreign nations seek to exploit visits to the laboratory or contacts with laboratory personnel as a means of obtaining classified or other sensitive information. The Pacific Northwest Center for Global Security’s pursuit of traditional and nontraditional security activities to promote a more stable world make it an attractive target for those who benefit from a destabilized global situation. The purpose of this briefing is to (1) identify countries currently targeting DOE/NNSA assets, (2) discuss their methods of operation, and (3) discuss how the PNNL Office of Counterintelligence can help you reduce the risk.


The Challenge of Making Non-Proliferation Agreements Work: The Case of Iran in the IAEA


Ambassador Kenneth C. Brill
International Affairs Advisor, Industrial College of the Armed Forces

Kenneth C. Brill is a career Foreign Service Officer, with the rank of Career Minister. He currently is International Affairs Advisor to the Commandant of the Industrial College of the Armed Forces. He served as the U.S. Representative to the IAEA and the U.S. Representative to the Vienna Office of the United Nations, both with the rank of Ambassador from 26 September 2001 – 18 July 2004. Ambassador Brill was the acting Assistant Secretary of State for the Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs (OES) immediately prior to his appointment to Vienna.


Proliferation Resistant Issues Of Advanced Fuels


Professor Yury Korovin
Head of the Department of General and Special Physics of Obninsk State Technical University for Nuclear Power Engineering

Professor Yury Korovin is Head of the Department of General and Special Physics of Obninsk State Technical University for Nuclear Power Engineering. Professor Korovin’s current interests include the different aspects of the economical and physical optimization of nuclear fuel cycle, transmutation processes in the different types of commercial and pilot facilities, and evaluation of nuclear data in the intermediate energy region (from 20 MeV up to 3 GeV). Professor Korovin earned his PhD in the field of theoretical physics in 1967 and most recently served as Dean of the Faculty of Nuclear Power Plants (1972-1987) and Vice President of INPE (1990-2001).


A Survey of Nuclear-Related Agreements and Possibilities for Nuclear Cooperation in South Asia


Dr. Gaurav Rajen
Consultant to the Cooperative Monitoring Center at Sandia National Laboratories

Dr. Rajen is a consultant to the Cooperative Monitoring Center at Sandia National Laboratories where he has been studying regional environmental cooperation and nuclear nonproliferation issues in South Asia. He has over fourteen years of experience in private industry and academia, including as a consultant to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the U.S. Department of Energy. His recent papers include “Battlefield Nuclear Weapons in South Asia: The Case for Restraint,” “Subcritical Nuclear Tests: An Option for India?” and “Strategic Stability in South Asia: The Need for Restraint in Targeting Technologies."


State Welfare Spending and Religiosity: A Cross-National Approach


Anthony Gill
Associate Professor of Political Science, University of Washington and author of "Rendering Unto Caesar"

The issue of religious fundamentalism has once again taken center stage in the world of social science. Scholars are increasingly interested in what motivates individuals to become more or less active in religious organizations. Anthony Gill argues that religious activity will be higher in countries with lower levels of public sector welfare assistance. Building upon economic theories of religion, he argues that state-sponsored social welfare substitutes for the traditional welfare services provided by churches at a lower cost to individuals. Although this analysis focuses on Christian nations in Europe and Latin America, the theory has applications in understanding the success of fundamentalism in Islamic nations and suggests some possible policy prescriptions for moderating religious expression in these nations.


Nonproliferation Policy of Japan and the Role of the Nuclear Material Control Center


Kaoru Naito
Senior Executive Director, Japan Nuclear Material Control Center, Tokyo

The Nuclear Material Control Center is responsible for implementing Japan’s national and international nonproliferation programs. Japan has the largest peaceful nuclear energy program in the world.


“Gray Zones” of Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction: Meeting a New Challenge


Dr. Vladimir Orlov
Director, Center for Nonproliferation Policy Studies, Moscow, Russia

While major attention in WMD proliferation prevention is focused on a handful of states of concern, the most potentially threatening challenges come from “gray zones”—non-recognized radical regimes of separatist movements with growing ambitions. The enumeration of certain states as comprising the “axis of evil” and being the primary cause of proliferation concern is overly simplistic and may distract from these emerging threats. Dr. Orlov will discuss gray zones, the resulting proliferation threats and explore potential solutions to meet this new challenge.


At the Abyss


Thomas C. Reed
Former Secretary of the U.S. Air Force, Author

Thomas Reed began his professional career at the Air Force Ballistic Missile Division in Los Angeles during the 1950s, and later worked at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory where he designed two thermonuclear devices fired in the Dominic test series in the Pacific in 1962. In 1973, Reed was recruited to manage intelligence projects at the Pentagon. He became director of information to integrate the developing worldwide military command system, then Secretary of the Air Force. During the Reagan years Reed served as the Special Assistant to the President for National Security Policy, having served as Director of National Reconnaissance. His thoroughly documented and meticulously researched book At the Abyss has been acclaimed as an “epic account of the pivotal events of the Cold War”, as well as “the prose of a fine novelist”.


In the Shadow of the Bomb: Writing Nuclear History


Richard Rhodes

Richard Rhodes is the author of twenty books including The Making of the Atomic Bomb, which won a Pulitzer Prize in nonfiction, a National Book Award and a National Book Critic Circle Award; Dark Sun: The Making of the Hydrogen Bomb, which was short-listed for a Pulitzer Prize in History; an investigation of the roots of private violence, Why They Kill; and, most recently, Masters of Death: The SS- Einsatzgruppen and the Invention of the Holocaust. He is currently beginning work on a third volume of nuclear history, Endgame, which will examine the international politics of nuclear weapons across the past two decades.


Nonproliferation and Weapons of Mass Destruction


Dr. Hans Blix
Former Director, United Nations Monitoring, Verification and Inspection Commission

Dr. Blix, author of "Disarming Iraq," addressed his professional experience with the International Atomic Energy Agency and the United Nations Monitoring Verification and Inspections Commission and the importance of these activities to global security. The sponsors were Battelle Pacific Northwest Division and the World Affairs Council of Seattle and Tacoma.


Establishing an Asian Nuclear Security Regime – Globalization and Diversification in the Dynamically Growing “Nuclear Asia”


Tomihiro Taniguchi
Deputy Director General International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)

Keynote speech at a Seattle conference jointly sponsored by the Center for Global Security and National Bureau of Asian Research titled “Nuclear Asia.” Also spoke at Pacific Northwest National Lab in Richland on IAEA role in protecting against nuclear terrorism.


European Perspectives on Nuclear Energy’s Future and Prospects for EU/US Cooperation


Lars Larsson
Director, International Programs, Swedish Radiation Safety Authority

Larsson spoke primarily on European concerns about nuclear safety in Russia and the need to clean up the nuclear wastes from decommissioned submarines. Specifics addressed were: 1) European views on the seriousness of submarine problems in Murmansk and funding he believes will be applied despite liability and access problems; 2) European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) procurement rules for U.S. and other countries; 3) Near term future of Northern Dimension Environmental Partnership (NDEP); and 4) Decommissioning work in Eastern Europe and prospects for cooperation with U.S./PNNL.


International Security and Nonproliferation


Ambassador Thomas Graham, Jr.
President of the Lawyers Alliance for World Security

Ambassador Graham, former general counsel of the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency and author of “Disarmament Sketches: Three Decades of Arms Control and International Law,” discussed today’s global security environment and the challenge of reducing the threat of weapons of mass destruction.


Application of Power Transition Model to Studies of Afghanistan, Cyprus, and Iraq


Birol A. Yesilada
Professor of Political Science & International Studies, Portland State University

Dr. Yesilada presented a formal study of how international conflicts can be resolved through bargaining through evaluation of each actor's preferences and strategies. Clustering techniques are used to present the most optimum outcome for conflict resolution. Dr. Yeşilada is professor in the Department of Political Science at Portland State University. Dr. Yeşilada has been an invited policy consultant at the Central Intelligence Agency, the National Intelligence Council, the U.S. State Department, the Foreign Affairs Training Center of the Foreign Service Institute, the U.S. Defense Department, Council on Foreign Relations, the U.S. Institute of Peace, the RAND Corporation, and the World Bank. He is the recent co-author of The Emerging European Union (3rd ed. 2003).


Human Security in a Time of Terrorism and War: The Canadian View


The Honourable Lloyd Axworthy
Former Canadian Foreign Minister

Lloyd Axworthy, former Canadian Foreign Minister and Nobel Peace Prize Nominee for his role in the Ottawa Convention to ban anti-personnel landmines, provided his views on the U.S. war in Iraq and on terrorism. The University of Washington’s Jackson School of International Studies, among others, co-sponsored this event.


Dr. Gennady Phsakin


Dr. Gennady Phsakin
Head of The Nonproliferation Bureau at the Institute of Physics and Power Engineering

Dr. Pshakin spoke of his participation as an invited country expert on an IAEA Action Team inside Iraq last year.


KEDO and the North Korean Nuclear Crisis: How We Got Here


Ambassador Charles Kartman
Executive Director of the Korean Peninsula Energy Development Organization (KEDO)


Concerns about Radionuclide Contamination in the Arctic and Subarctic Regions


Dr. John J. Kelley
Professor of Marine Sciences, University of Alaska Fairbanks

Dr. Kelley, formerly Director of the Naval Arctic Research Laboratory and program officer of the National Science Foundation's Office of Polar Programs, speaks about radionuclide contamination in the Arctic and Subarctic regions. Visual footage of major underground blasts on Amchitka Island, including the Cannikin test, will be featured.


Regional Security and Arms Control: Energy Security and Nonproliferation


Mr. Bill Chandler
Director of Battelle/PNNL's Advanced International Studies Unit

Mr. Chandler has 29 years of experience in energy and the environment. He has written 11 books, including "Energy and Environment in Transition Economies," published in September 2000. Chandler addressed the role of energy in regional stability, arms control and nonproliferation, and the possibility of using energy related confidence building measures in strategic regions to foster transparency and engagement. Recommended regions include South, Central and Southeast Asia, the Caucasus and Middle East and would include cooperative sustainable energy projects, joint policy studies and market reform to facilitate the transfer of energy and environmental technologies. Chandler suggested that US involvement in such efforts could improve the nation's image and diplomatic relations, and would create market opportunities. Chandler also discussed the importance of transition economies' government involvement in energy reform, the AISU's energy efficiency center program, and the Regional Network for Efficient Use of Energy Resources (RENEUR).


Helping Russia Control Its Nuclear Infrastructure


Laura Holgate
Vice President for Russia Programs of the Nuclear Threat Initiative (NTI); former manager of the Cooperative Threat Reduction Program


RADM William Center USN (Retired)


RADM William Center USN (Ret.)
President of the Washington Council on International Trade, Security and the Role of International Trade


Ambassador Linton Brooks


Ambassador Linton Brooks
Former U.S. Ambassador and Under Secretary of Energy for Nuclear Security; former Administrator of the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)


Response to Terrorism: Military Force and International Law


Professor Frederick Lorenz
Visiting Lecturer, University of Washington: Jackson School of International Studies;
Adjunct Professor of Law, Seattle University


Do They Really Hate Us?


Professor Resat Kasaba
Professor of International Studies, University of Washington: Jackson School of International Studies


Jihad, Terror, War and Justice: Four Words for the 21st Century


Professor Ellis Goldberg
Director, Middle East Center, University of Washington


Afghanistan And Pakistan's Relation To Islam


Professor Frank Conlon
History and International Studies, University of Washington: Jackson School of International Studies


Asian Security Dynamics


Dr. Richard Ellings
President, National Bureau of Asian Research


Nuclear Power and Nuclear Proliferation: Some Things Never Change ... and Other Things Do


Dr. Robert Gallucci
Dean, Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University

Dr. Gallucci spoke on the connection between nuclear power and nuclear proliferation, a sort of what's new and what isn't in this area which may become more relevant if you believe what some are saying about the return of nuclear energy. He also offered some remarks about North Korea.


Nonproliferation: The Role of the National Labs and the Initiatives for Proliferation Prevention


Dr. Victor E. Alessi
President and CEO, United States Industry Coalition

The United States Industry Coalition, Inc. (USIC) which represents U.S. industry in the IPP Program, is a membership organization of 81 small and large U.S. businesses, consortiums and universities. Seventy member companies are involved in cost-sharing projects with the hope of commercialization to benefit both them and their partners in the former Soviet Union and help bring them into the world economy.


Multilateralising the Phased Approach: How New Zealand has Helped Construct the Language of Nuclear Arms Control


Dr. Guy Wilson-Roberts
Deputy Director of the Centre for Strategic Studies: New Zealand, Victoria University of Wellington


The United States Strategic Command-An "Insurance Policy for the Nation"


Admiral Richard W. Mies
Commander in Chief, United States Strategic Command


America's Liberal Grand Strategy: World Order After The Cold War


Professor G. John Ikenberry
Author of "After Victory: Institutions, Strategic Restraint, and the Rebuilding of Order After Major War"


Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty: The Way Forward


General (Ret.) John M. Shalikashvili
Supreme Allied Commander, Europe (SACEUR); Commander-in-Chief, United States European Command


Global Security in the Post Cold War Era: Scientific and Technical Exchange


Jim Fuller
First Director, PNNL's Center for Global Security


Global Security in the Post Cold War Era: Scientific and Technical Exchange


Anna Johnson-Winegar
Deputy Assistant U.S. Secretary of Defense Chemical and Biological Defense and Office of the Director, Defense Research and Engineering


Post Cold-War Nuclear Deterrence: Theory and Practice


Patrick M. Morgan
Tierney Chair of Peace and Conflict Studies, Department of Political Science, University of California at Irvine


The Role of Science Advice in Arms Control


Peter A. Zimmerman
Science Advisor to the Bureau of Arms Control, U.S. Department of State


Environmental Security - Risk, Opportunity and Policy: An Analytic Approach


Vincent Gallucci
Professor, School of Aquatic and Fisheries Sciences, University of Washington


The Russian Far East: Regional Stability and Military Environmental Cooperation after Yeltsin


Panel Discussion

Panel Discussion co-sponsored by PNNL, the Jackson School of International Studies and National Bureau of Asian Research


National Security and the Pacific Rim in the 21st Century


Congressman Norm Dicks


Key Verification Asset Fund Overview


Sarah Mullen
Office Director for Technology and Assessments, Bureau of Verification and Compliance, U.S. Department of State


Plutonium Disposition in Russia and the United States


Laura Holgate
Assistant Deputy Administrator, Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation, U.S. National Nuclear Security Administration


Science in the Former Soviet Union


Gerson Sher
President and Executive Director, U.S. Civilian Research and Development Foundation (CRDF) for the Independent States of the Former Soviet Union


Nuclear Weapons in the 21st Century

Workshop co-sponsored by PNNL, the Jackson School of International Studies, and Lawyers Alliance for World Security


Defense Threat Reduction Agency: One Year on the Road


Jay Davis
Director, Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA)


Russia's Economic Policy Dilemma and U.S. Interests


John Hardt
Senior Specialist in Post-Soviet Economics, Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress


Post-Cold War Proliferation Concerns in Euro-Asia: Russia, Iran, North Korea and India-Pakistan


Robert M. Gates
Former Director of the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency; U.S. Secretary of Defense


The Future of the Nuclear Nonproliferation Regimes


Ambassador Thomas Graham
President of the Lawyers Alliance for World Security


The Monitoring in Iraq


Garry Dillon
Head of the Nuclear Action Team, United Nations


Post Cold War Transitions from Military to Economic Definitions of Security


Joseph Ulatoski
Director, Russell 20-20, Frank Russell Company


China: Modernize or Westernize or What?


Edward Nixon
President, Nixon World Enterprises, Inc.


State of Washington Interactions with North Korea, Russia, and China


Ralph Munro
Washington Secretary of State


Pacific Northwest National Laboratory's Contribution to Global Security


Rose Gottemoeller
Assistant Secretary, Nonproliferation and National Security, U.S. Department of Energy


Cultural Attitudes About the Environment and Ecology and their Connection to Regional Political Stability

Conference co-sponsored by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and the University of Washington's Jackson School of International Studies, Department of Political Science, and Graduate School of Public Affairs. Held on the University of Washington Campus.

Center for Global Security

Topics of Interest