A Conversation with George Bunn
2.3 – Article III Negotiation and Euratom (22:56)
Eisenhower administration (1953 – 1961)
General Charles de Gaulle (1890 – 1970) was President of the French Republic from 1958 to 1969. Under de Gaulle, France became the world’s fourth nuclear weapon state on 13 February 1960.
The Treaty of Rome was signed by France, West Germany, Italy, and the Benelux countries (Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg) on March 25, 1957.
The Treaty of Tlatelolco, opened for signature in 1967 and entered into force in 1969, establishing a nuclear weapon free zone (NWFZ) in Latin America.
Ambassador Roland Timerbaev, a former Soviet diplomat, has participated in negotiation of the NPT, the ABM Treaty, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Safeguards system, the Threshold Test Ban Treaty, the PNE Treaty and in establishment of the Nuclear Suppliers Group.
States are given the “inalienable right” under NPT Article IV to develop nuclear energy for peace purposes (Para. 1). The article also stipulates that Parties to the Treaty undertake to facilitate cooperative arrangements to increase access to nuclear energy, particularly in developing areas of the world.
The U.S. Nonproliferation Act of 1978 established criteria for U.S. nuclear export licensing in support of international nuclear energy cooperation.